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Intimate Partner Violence: Prevention Strategies

ipv prevention

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious problem that has lasting and harmful effects on individuals, families, and communities. The goal for IPV prevention is to stop it from happening in the first place.


Prevention efforts should ultimately reduce the occurrence of IPV by promoting healthy, respectful, nonviolence relationships. Healthy relationships can be promoted by addressing change at all levels of the social ecology that influence IPV: individual, relationship, community, and society.


CDC's Preventing Intimate Partner Violence Across the Lifespan: A Technical Package of Programs, Policies, and Practices highlights strategies based on the best available evidence to help states and communities prevent intimate partner violence, support survivors, and lessen the short and long-term harms of intimate partner violence. The strategies and their corresponding approaches are listed in the table below.


Teach safe and healthy relationship skills
  • Social and emotional learning programs for youth
  • Healthy relationship programs for couples
Engage influential adults and peers
  • Men and boys as allies in prevention
  • Bystander empowerment and education
  • Family-based programs
Disrupt the developmental pathways toward partner violence
  • Early childhood home visitation
  • Preschool enrichment with family engagement
  • Parenting skill and family relationship programs
  • Treatment for at-risk children, youth, and families
Create protective environments
  • Improve school climate and safety
  • Improve organizational policies and workplace climate
  • Modify the physical and social environment of neighborhoods
Strengthen economic supports for families
  • Strengthen household financial security
  • Strengthen work-family supports
Support survivors to increase safety and lessen harm
  • Victim-centered services
  • Housing programs
  • First responder and civil legal protections
  • Patient-centered approaches
  • Treatment and support for survivors of IPV, including TDV



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