Women's Health Resources
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Congenital Cytomegalovirus Awareness
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common virus that infects people of all ages. Many people infected with CMV show no signs or symptoms because a person’s immune system keeps the virus from causing illness, except for people with weakened immune systems and unborn babies. When a baby is born with CMV, it’s called congenital CMV. Only one out of every 200 babies is born with congenital CMV and only one in five babies will have serious health problems caused by congenital CMV. Pregnant women can transmit the virus to their unborn baby. To avoid getting infected, pregnant women should avoid contact with bodily fluids from young children and babies and should not share food, utensils, or cups with a child. Signs of congenital CMV include rash, jaundice, microcephaly, intrauterine growth restriction, seizures, and retinitis. Babies that have been infected by CMV can have long-term health problems including, hearing loss, developmental and motor delay, vision loss, microcephaly, and seizures.