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Disparities in Reproductive Health
Racial and Socioeconomic Disparities in Hysterectomy Route and Outcomes

Hysterectomy is a common, routine gynecological surgery. However, disparities remain in minimally invasive techniques and overall outcomes for certain groups of women. Statistics show those without private insurance or who live in a rural geographic location may be less likely to undergo medically appropriate minimally invasive hysterectomy for benign conditions. Read more



Disparities in the Prevention and Care of Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Across the entire population in the United States, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are on the rise, according to CDC data. Within this trend, certain racial, geographic, socioeconomic, and age groups carry a disproportionately higher burden of STDs. Racial minorities, those in the South, West, and Delta Regions, young adults, and those with lower socioeconomic resources may face disparities in prevention and care for STDs. Read more



Disparities in Care for Infertility

In care and outcomes for women with infertility, disparities in care can be found based on race, socioeconomic status, geography, and sexual orientation. Certain minority groups are less likely to seek infertility treatment or may take longer to access the care they need. Read more



Disparities in the Experiences and Care of Menopause

Menopause brings a variety of changes and health concerns for women from all backgrounds during midlife. However, recent studies show differences in the way women experience menopause and the care they receive, particularly across racial lines. Read more



Disparities in Pelvic Floor Disorder Care

Pelvic floor disorders, such as urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, and pelvic organ prolapse, affect a significant portion of women in the United States, especially as they age. While these disorders affect women of all backgrounds, some studies have identified potential disparities in the initiation and type of treatment received based on race or socioeconomic status. Read more

Inequities in Access to Contraception Among Demographic Groups

Statistics show the vast majority of women have used a form of contraception at some point in their lives. However, there are differences among certain groups when it comes to current use, the types of contraception used, and the rates of unintended pregnancy. Read more



Disparities in Care and Outcomes for Gynecologic Cancers

Studies have noted inequities in care and outcomes for common types of gynecologic cancer, including uterine, cervical, and ovarian. These disparities in care are found among racial, socioeconomic, and geographic groups. For example, mortality rates for gynecologic cancers remain higher among Black women, and women from rural geographic locations were more likely to be diagnosed at later stages.  Read more



Disparities in HPV Vaccine Initiation and Completion

The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been proven to help reduce the risk of HPV-related cancers. However, some disparities remain in immunization among different demographic groups—especially when it comes to the completion of the vaccine series. Read more



Disparities in the Care of Uterine Fibroids

Uterine leiomyomas, or fibroids, are a common health concern among women from many backgrounds. However, statistics and research show that Black women are more likely to have uterine fibroids and experience disparities in care. Read more